|"Rocket Propellant Thermochemistry and Combustion"
S.S. Penner, Ph.D.
Professor of Jet Propulsion, Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Jet Propulsion Center
California Institute of Technology (Cal Tech)
A highly-technical and detailed investigation of liquid and solid rocket propellants and their combustion processes.
This collection of hard-to-find propulsion information was selected from the huge International Series of Monographs on Aeronautical Sciences and Controlled Flight, which comprises many volumes of esoteric research information done during the 1940s and 50s. Much of this work was done under the leadership of Drs. Theodore von Kármán and Hugh L. Dryden.
These particular papers are from Division III of that series, entitled Propulsion Systems Including Fuels. Volume 1 of the division is entitled "Chemistry Problems in Jet Propulsion," a somewhat cryptic title, by S. S. Penner. Penner was Professor of Jet Propulsion at the Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Jet Propulsion Center (better known as GALCIT, and later to become the Jet Propulsion Lab--JPL), California Institute of Technology, in Pasadena, California. They were originally published in 1957.
Investigates and reports on these subjects:
- Survey of propellant materials (monopropellants, bipropellants, water-reactive, and composites), including many exotics (boron and fluorine compounds)
- Chemical compounds used as propellants, and the chemical qualities to look for
- Performance of chemical propellants for rocket engines
- Theoretical performance evaluation for chemical propellants
- Preparation and properties of representative propellants
- Combustion thermodynamics of liquid hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) monopropellant
- Combustion processes in liquid-fuel rocket engines
- Chemical reactions during adiabatic expansion through a De Laval nozzle
- Adiabatic expansion with near-equilibrium flow
- Adiabatic expansion with near-frozen flow
- Application of flow criteria to representative chemical reactions
- Effect of nozzle dimensions on the occurrence of chemical reactions during adiabatic flow
- Convergence requirements for the flow criteria
- Rate of change with time in the vicinity of the chamber-exit position
- Use of the de Laval nozzle in process for the production of chemicals
- Discusses flame temperatures and factors that affect engine performance
In the form of a university course, each section includes "problems" to assist in understanding the subject matter.
- Tables of dozens propellant physical properties, enthalpy, entropy, and heat capacity of transition
- Tables and diagrams of liquid propellant injector types
- Good information about hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) monopropellants
- In-depth report about nitric acid, WFNA, RFNA; and hydrazine compounds
- Nozzle-flow studies and theoretical performance calculations
- General considerations relating to combustion in liquid-propellant rocket engines
- Heterogeneous burning of single droplets
- Burning of fuel sprays
- Burning of monopropellants in tubes
- Carbon formation
- Laboratory measurements of ignition delay
- Local composition and temperature analysis in rocket engines
- Combustion under transient conditions
- Combustion-chamber volume requirements
- Combustion instability
- Scaling procedures for liquid-fuel rocket engines
- Scaling rules
- Similarity of regenerative cooling system
- Similarity of sweat cooling
- Low-frequency stability
- High-frequency stability
The original texts were published using very small typeface and an inferior grade paper, which made readability difficult at best. We have scanned the best available first edition copy at high resolution, and devoted many hours to restoring the digital archives. Unfortunately, due to the condition of the original publication, we have not been able to add much clarity in this reprint. The text in this reprint is of low-quality resolution: buy this book only if you're looking for serious, detailed, highly-technical information; it's not "beautiful to look at," but does contain a wealth of hard-to-find and useful material.
This document is an excellent "companion" to go with Sutton ("Rocket Propulsion Elements") and Zucrow ("The Rocket Motor"). This is a new, limited-edition, printed with a high-resolution laser printer (not photocopied) on high-quality, bright-white, acid-free paper for years of reference use. Quality-bound, 83 pages, 5.5-inches wide by 8.5-inches high. This exceptional text is not available anywhere else. ISBN 1-878628-NEW. $21.95
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