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.NASA Spacecraft Thermal Control

Exotech Inc., General Electric, TRW Systems, Jet Propulsion Laboratgory, Hughes Aircraft, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA Langley Research Center, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, and NASA Ames Research Center
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NASA Spacecraft Thermal Control

Exotech Inc., General Electric, TRW Systems, Jet Propulsion Laboratgory, Hughes Aircraft, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA Langley Research Center, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, and NASA Ames Research Center


 


Spacecraft have an array of components which can operate reliably only in a hospitable thermal environment.  The thermal control system is designed to provide a favorable environment for operation of scientific instruments and other equipment vital to the mission by limiting temperature variations  to within specified design limits.  Thus thermal control is a system function that involves many factors. 

This NASA handbook provides guidance for assessment and control of spacecraft temperatures.  It covers the many ways engineers can control temperatures in a hostile and changing environment.


 

The text includes considerable mathematical formulae and equations, all necessary for calculating thermal factors.  There are also abundant graphs and illustrations that make each concept clear. 
 

Without doubt, this book represents advanced NASA concepts and design practices that will be of value and interest also to designers of racing cars, boats, and high-speed aircraft.  "Amateur" experimental rocketeers will also find much useful material and data.

 


CONTENTS

Introduction
State of the art
Heat balance
The thermal model
The orbital external thermal environment
Radiative properties

Insight into temperature control methods
Exposure to external environment
Insulation from external environment
Thermal control techniques
Passive thermal control
Thermal coating materials
Thermal insulation
Heat sinks
Phase change materials
Active thermal control techniques
Electrical heaters
Heater-pump-radiator (HPR) fluid systems
Thermal louvers
Heat pipes
Spaceborne cooling systems
Flight and design experience

Testing
Thermal balance testing
Thermal vacuum testing
Test conditions
Test duration
Testing uncertainties
Other considerations
Criteria
Definition of requirements
Identification of worst case environments
Specification of component temperature limits
Temperature control
Testing
Recommended practices
Assessment of spacecraft requirements
Selection of thermal control techniques
Selection of materials
Testing
References

 


Sample illustrations shown at reduced size and resolution




 
 
 

 

 
 

Printed directly from a NASA digital document file, with a high-resolution laser printer on high-quality, bright-white, acid-free paper and quality bound for years of reference use.  50 pages, large and easy-to-read 11" x 8-1/2" size.   $14.95
 

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